Turkey violence flares after police storm protest park
A protester reacts in pain to a salvo of tear gas fired by Turkish riot police officers in Gezi Park in Istanbul on June 15, 2013. Police sealed off a flashpoint Istanbul park on Sunday after firing tear gas and water cannon to dislodge thousands of protesters in a night of violence that sent tensions soaring in Turkey's relentless anti-government unrest.
Riot police were still clashing with pockets of protesters in streets near Gezi Park as tens of thousands of supporters of Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan began gathering for a rally 10 kilometres (six miles) away.
The operation to clear Gezi Park late Saturday came just two hours after Erdogan issued an ultimatum to demonstrators to end their occupation of the site, the symbolic heart of nationwide protests against the government.
Thousands of campers scrambled to escape the clouds of acrid smoke, as officers with gas masks and riot shields stormed the patch of green, clearing it within minutes and leaving a trail of empty tents in their wake.
Many demonstrators sought refuge in the luxury hotels bordering the park, prompting police to douse the lobby of at least one five-star establishment with water as guests choked on tear gas fumes.
In a fresh clash on Sunday, police used tear gas and water cannon to disperse hundreds of people who gathered in Ankara's central Kizilay to lay flowers at the spot where a protester was fatally wounded on June 1.
"We have an Istanbul rally tomorrow (Sunday)," Erdogan told tens of thousands of cheering loyalists at an election rally for his ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) shortly before the police operation.
"If (the area) is not evacuated, this country's security forces know how to evacuate there," he said in the capital Ankara.
"Nobody can intimidate us," said Erdogan, 59. "We don't take orders or instructions from anybody except from God."
As the clashes raged in Istanbul, thousands of anti-government demonstrators took to the streets of Ankara and the western city of Izmir in solidarity.
The unrest that has rocked Turkey since late last month sprang from a peaceful sit-in in Gezi Park against a redevelopment plan that would destroy the green space.
After the protest was met with a brutal police response, it spiralled into angry demonstrations against Erdogan across the country.
Two of Turkey's major labour unions, KESK and DISK, on Sunday considered calling a general strike across Turkey to protest the overnight police crackdown.
Critics accuse Erodan and his Islamic-rooted party of becoming increasingly authoritarian and of imposing Islamic conservative values on the mainly Muslim but staunchly secular nation of 76 million.
The crisis has claimed four lives and injured nearly 7,500 people so far, according to the Turkish Medical Association, and represents the biggest challenge yet to Erdogan's decade-long rule.
Mey Elbi, a 39-year-old yoga teacher, was in Gezi park when police entered and said they seized the protesters' goggles and gas masks.
"I won't give up," she told AFP. "We're angry, this is not over. The world has seen that together, we can stand up to Tayyip."
The Taksim Solidarity group, seen as most representative of the protesters, condemned Saturday's "brutal attack".
"The police raid left hundreds of protesters injured and there are dozens more who were hit by rubber bullets," it said in a statement.
Istanbul governor Huseyin Avni Mutlu said 44 people had been injured in Saturday's trouble, none seriously.
On Sunday, police strictly controlled access to Gezi Park and the adjoining Taksim Square, another focal point for protests.
Yellow tape lined the area, blocking entry to pedestrians, as refuse trucks and bulldozers removed debris and broke up protesters' makeshift barricades.
"The government could not have let this occupation go on forever," AKP deputy leader Huseyin Celik said in televised remarks overnight. "This nightmare needs to end."
Earlier, Celik said Erdogan felt "cheated" after protesters heaped scorn on his pledge to suspend the Gezi Park redevelopment project pending a court ruling on its legality.
The protesters said the government had failed to address all their demands, which include a call for arrested demonstrators to be released and for police chiefs in cities that saw clashes to be sacked.
The United States and other Western allies, along with human rights groups, have widely criticised Erdogan's handling of the crisis.
Erdogan has been in power since 2002, boasting three consecutive election victories largely thanks to Turkey's strong economic performance.